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KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

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INTELLECTUAL TECHNOLOGIES

ENCYCLOPEDIC WEB INTELLIGENCE

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THE WORLD DIRECTORY OF THINGS

(14,13 MB, download free)

Unified Framework Ontology or Universal Formal Ontology (UFO): Standard Ontology & USECS

(15.3 MB, Adobe Acrobat 7.0 Doc., full version)

 

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WHY DO YOU NEED THE UNIVERSAL CLASSIFICATION (DIRECTORY) OF ENTITIES?
HOW THE WORLD DIRECTORY CAN RATIONALIZE THE WEB SEARCH AND THE WEB DIRECTORIES BROWSING?
The World Wide Web or the Web is an information space of software agents (servers, search engines, spiders, browsers, proxies, multimedia players) and resources (documents, graphics, sounds or audios, and videos or animation) identified by URIs (Uniform Resource Identifiers) and interconnected by hypertext links via the Internet protocols (as the HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol). There are two ways to navigate the information space of internet sites providing textual documents, images, animation and sound: either by browsing the Web Directories organizing the Web content as a tree-like hierarchy of subjects or topics and subtopics or by means of the Search Engines (software programs) entering keywords or key phrases or a piece of text. As a result, the keyword searches, basic or advanced, retrieve all the occurrences of the keyword in the Web pages which are listed in the search engine index. For writing assistance please refer to expert essay paper writers.

Despite such sophisticated tricks of trade as relevancy rankings, using statistics and heuristics, refined search, Boolean operators, and indexing metatags, both the subject-based queries and the keyword search engine enquiries are often ended up with a multitude of irrelevant information by bringing a jumble of useless URLs.
Considering this, the World Directory of Things as the Meaning Finder suggests the meaningful Web search by explaining the senses of search words or topics, namely, what sort of entity they represent and how the terms are featured in the common classification of semantic classes. Representing the comprehensive hierarchy of entities and relationships, the Universal Directory of Meanings identifies all the basic words in natural language with their major meanings, semantic lines of descent, and offspring. Equipped with the meaning of the search word or the structure of the search subject or topic, the user will be capable to perform more relevant and coherent online quest for data, facts, or knowledge. Unlike most basic dictionaries and encyclopedias, using different ways and techniques of definitions for various sorts of words, the Universal Directory follows a single standard uniform formula for defining key words in a language, so that a primary meaning is enlarged and extended by such a variety of special meanings where the basic sense stays as the determining content and underlying element.

To browse the World Directory content of entities or relationships covering the references and meanings of key words in a language and navigate through the search results, the user can apply either the Find Dialog Box or the Search PDF Window. Pressing Ctrl + F (Windows) or Command + F (Mac OS) opens the Find toolbar. Pressing Shift + Ctrl + F or Shift + Command + F (Mac OS) opens the Search PDF Window (for more details, see Adobe Essentials, search for words in a PDF document). The whole procedure asks for the following simple steps. Click the button Search; set a search preference, basic search options or advanced search options while looking for central senses and primary meanings employ a case-sensitive and whole words only options. CAPITALIZE your search, write in capital letters, in case you are looking for general things and classes such as ENTITY, PROCESS, SUBSTANCE, OBJECT, CHANGE, ACTION, RELATION, MATTER, MATERIAL, CAUSE, BEING, EVENT, LIFE, ANIMAL, HUMAN, PERSON; or Science, Mathematics, Language, etc.
While searching on a topic or subject, the user gets as the results list the outlines or summary of the subject: its central meaning, basic concepts and principles, classification, content, and relationships with other subjects.
When looking for key words, the user will get their basic senses, semantic relatives and family lines traced as deep as from the universal term of entity, like
DATABASE < INFORMATION < MESSAGE < COMMUNICATION < SOCIAL RELATION < RELATION < ENTITY; or
SEARCH ENGINE < COMPUTER PROGRAMM < SOFTWARE PROGRAM < COMPUTER CODE < CODING SYSTEM < WRITING < WRITTEN COMMUNICATION < COMMUNICATION < RELATION < ENTITY.
Under the headword DATABASE, its offspring or special types are enumerated in boldface or italic (list, listing; electronic, on-line, computer database; subdata base), all with their issues as well. Having constructed the most general meanings and senses, the user can proceed with searching the Internet putting into service the search engines such as Ask Jeeves, Yahoo, and Google or the web directories as Open Directory Project, Yahoo Directory, or Google Directory, which are inbuilt features of the World Directory. Additionally, for Encyclopedia Britannica's on-line subscribers, there is the opportunity to browse the rich electronic content by Britannica's categories and subjects.


Encyclopedic Intelligent Systems (EIS) LTD is the first company researching and designing a new class of intelligent entities, Encyclopedic Intelligence (or Virtual Aristotle). For more than ten years the COMPANY has been engaged in constructing onto-semantic models and algorithms for general artificial intelligences. Under the EIS project the first coming deliverable is the World Directory of Entities suggested as a Universal Standard Entity Classification System (USECS). The World Schema is founded on a Unified Framework Ontology (UFO) or Universal Formal Ontology (UFO), a common reference for sciences, computational taxonomies, semantic web ontology and rule languages, and standard classifications for industry and products.

The final goal of the EIS project is a know-all language machine possessing both encyclopedic intelligence and natural language, designated as the Virtual Aristotle Machine (VAM). The VAM's reasoning engine is projected to possess the capacities and powers: to identify and process top constructs and relationships in any knowledge area; to resolve complex problems revealing their central causes and reasons; to generate questions and answer explanations in natural language; to interact with the human being exchanging information and thoughts on every lively topic; to predict possible events, consequences, effects, or outcomes brought about by human actions or natural processes.

 

 

Here we may display a picture of this month's special:

 

World Stock Listing of Entities on CD-ROM

 

 

NEW LINES of UFO KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTS:

THE WORLD STOCK LIST OF THINGS WITH THEIR MEANING LINES AND FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNT

DOWNLOAD WHITE PAPER for your personal use only (PDF)

Title: THE LANGUAGE OF THE WORLD OF THINGS, MW doc

The Rationales for the Universal Nomenclature of World Things and Knowledge Web of Meanings

Adobe Acrobat 7.0 Document. Size: 104 KB

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THE LIST OF WORLD KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTS

HUMAN KNOWLEDGE OUTLINES (ALL-KNOWLEDGE DIGEST) cum THE CATALOG OF OBJECT CLASSES


[Provides a digest (sketch, general plan, skeleton, draft, or summary) of essential knowledge about the world by giving the key points, principal features and main divisions of the most significant knowledge areas, domains of interest, fields of learning, subjects of research, or topics of study. Supplying the substance of the whole of human knowledge, the Human Knowledge Plan is added with the complete Listing (or Catalog or Inventory or Directory) of object classes, as the objects of thought or perception. The object spectrum covers substances and conceptual objects, matter and materials, particles and atoms, molecules and compounds, liquids and gases; masses and individual parts, concrete objects, their groups and collections; animals, persons, and plants; artifacts and instrumentalities as well as beings, material and mythological. As a consequence, the OBJECT DIRECTORY of SUBSTANCES defines any thing that can be thought of existing as some sort of substance or object, whether an imaginary or actual being, a spiritual or material object, a spatial or non-spatial being, a human or living being, a physical or real object, a material or conceptual object, a natural or cultural system. In the Comprehensive Hierarchy of Substances, neither class of substances nor set of objects naming some part of mentality or fragment of reality is out of place. Besides, the Knowledge Reference and the Object Schema are completed with the Web Directories of Google, Yahoo!, Open Directory Project (Standard Version), and Encyclopedia Britannica’s Categories to allow the core content to be extended in any domain of interest or knowledge area. Being the source of substantial meanings, the project is targeted to stop or at least prevent a current nonsense Web search fast feeding the user with a jumble of results and a confused multitude of data types]

DON’T MISS THE UNIQUE OPPORTUNITY TO GET THE WORLD KNOWLEDGE SUMMARY WITH THE COMPLETE LIST OF THE OBJECT CLASSES IN THE UNIVERSE.

Size: 3.52 MB; Format: Adobe Acrobat 7.0 Document<BR>

 

 

 

WORLD DIRECTORY AND MEANINGFUL WEB

COMPLETES THE ESSENTIALS AND OUTLINES OF WORLD KNOWLEDGE WITH THE FULL INVENTARY OF ENTITIES AND RELATIONSHIPS DISTINGUISHED WITH THE STANDARD FORMULAS OF MEANINGS AND SENSES OF THINGS, OF THEIR CLASSES, PROPERTIES AND INSTANCES. THE ENTITY INVENTORY IS FINISHED UP WITH THE WEB DIRECTORIES OF GOOGLE, YAHOO!, OPEN DIRECTORY PROJECT, AND BRITANNICA’S CATEGORIES AND SUBJECTS SO THAT TO ALLOW FLESHING OUT THE CORE CONTENT.
THE UNIVERSAL DIRECTORY STRUCTURE IS A HIERARCHICAL FRAMEWORK OF ENTITY CLASSES EXISTING IN REALITY. AT THE TOP OF THE WORLD HIERARCHY IS THE ROOT TERM OF ENTITY APPLYING TO THINGS OF EVERY KIND AND TYPE AND UNDERLYING ALL OTHER WORDS CLASSIFYING AND DIVIDING THE UNIVERSE INTO SPECIFIC MEANINGS AND DIFFERENCES. SO THE WORLD SCHEMA COVERS COGNTITIVE MODELS, COMPUTING SCHEMATA, AND LEXICAL RESOURCES: DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM HIERARCHY, SEMANTIC WEB ONTOLOGIES, XML SCHEMA, ACTIVE DIRECTORY SCHEMA OF OBJECT CLASSES, SEMANTIC NETWORKS, DATABASE MODELS, CONCEPTUAL GRAPHS, OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING MODELS, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHEMA OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT AS WELL AS FOUNDATION ONTOLOGIES AND ONLINE LEXICAL DATABASES.
IN THE UNIVERSAL SCHEMA EACH ENTITY HAS A DISTINGUISHED NAME (A STRING OF CLASS NAMES FROM THE ROOT SUPERCLASS NAME TO ITS SPECIFIC DESIGNATION WITH THE MORE GENERIC NAMES TO THE RIGHT), A CANONICAL NAME (THE REVERSE ORDERING OF THE DISTINGUISHED NAME), AND A RELATIVE DISTINGUISHED NAME WITHOUT ANY REFERENCE TO ITS SUPERORDINARY OR SUBORDINARY SENSES. LIKE ANY SPECIFIC RESOURCE OR BIT OF CONTENT ON THE INTERNET AND THE OBJECTS IN THE WINDOWS ACTIVE DIRECTORY REPRESENTING PEOPLE, RESOURCES, AND SERVICES, EVERY ENTITY HAS A UNIVERSAL RESOURCE IDENTIFIER OR GLOBALLY UNIQUE IDENTIFIER DESCRIBING ITS SPECIFIC LOCATION IN THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF ENTITY NAMES. LIKE AS THE PATTERN OF PERSONAL NAMES PRACTICED IN THE SOVIET UNION, the given name (Azamat) + the father’s name (Shamsuddin-ovich) + the family name of the kin (Abdoulla-ev OR ‘Abd Allah ‘’Slave of Allah’’ ), THE NAMES OF THINGS ARE ORGANIZED BY THE ONTOLOGICAL GENEOLOGY OR RELATIONS OF DESCENT. Although human’s names very rarely have any real meanings like the above designation which is without any genetic relation to its bearer having a Persian origin and culturally formed under the influence of the famous native, AVICENNA, one of the greatest philosopher-scientist. TO THE CONTRARY, UNLIKE HUMANS, THE REAL LINEAGE, GENEOLOGY, AND FAMILY TREE OF ANY IMAGINARY OR MATERIAL THING, TAKEN AS A WHOLE CLASS OF ENTITIES OR AS A MEMBER OF A CLASS, CAN BE TRACED UP TO THE PRIMAL SUPERGENUS OF ENTITY.
FOR INSTANCE, THE MEANING LINE OF RIVER, TAKEN IN THE SENSE OF THE WHOLE CLASS OF RIVERS, IS TO BE ORDERED AS FOLLOWS: RIVER < WATERCOURSE, STREAM < WATER, BODY OF WATERS < FLUID < MATTER < PHYSICAL OBJECT < SUBSTANCE < ENTITY. THEN ITS ANY INDIVIDUAL MEMBER MAY BE IDENTIFIED OR DESCRIBED BY SOME CHARACTERISTIC FEATURE AS THE PLACE NAME, LIKE ‘THE MOSCOW RIVER’.
THE ENTITY DIRECTORY SHOWS THAT THE PEDIGREE LINES OF MEANINGS FOR ALL SORTS AND KINDS OF THINGS ARE BROUGHT FORTH BY FOUR GENERIC CLASSES OF ENTITY: SUBSTANCE, STATE, CHANGE AND RELATION. SO SOMEBODY MAKING INQUIRES OF THE NATURE OF MYTHS AND MYTHOLOGIES CAN FIND ALL THE POSSIBLE KINDS OF BEINGS AS WELL AS THE MANNER AND VARIETY OF RELATIONSHIPS WHICH CAN EXIST BETWEEN SUCH SUBSTANTIAL SUBSTANCES AS THE GODS, HUMAN BEINGS, ANIMALS AND PLANTS, WHICH MAY STAND IN A RELATIONSHIP OF OPPOSITION, UTTER DIVERSITY, SIMILARITY, IDENTITY, ANALOGY, COMBINATION, DESCENT. ON THE OTHER HAND, SOMEONE EXPLORING THE NATURE OF REALITIES CAN FIND ALL THE RANGE OF PHYSICAL OBJECTS, MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND ACTUAL CHANGES LINKED UP WITH THE VARIETY OF REAL WORLD RELATIONSHIPS WHICH THE ENTITIES CAN HAVE TO EACH OTHER.
AGAIN, FOR THOSE LOOKING INTO THE NATURE OF MENTAL REALITIES, IT CAN BECOME LUCID WHY THE COMPLEX PHENOMENON OF CONSCIOUSNESS IS DIFFERENTLY DEFINED EITHER AS AN OBJECT OR A STATE OR AN ACTIVITY OR AS A RELATIONSHIP.


CONTENTS
THE LANGUAGE OF THE WORLD OF THINGS
THE CONTENT OF DEFINITIONS
THE ENCYCLOPEDIC KNOWLEDGE REFERENCE
THE CATALOG OF THE WORLD
• The WORLD CATALOG OF SUBSTANCES
• The WORLD CATALOG OF STATES
• The WORLD CATALOG OF CHANGES
• The WORLD CATALOG OF RELATIONS
File Attachment: The Web Directories and Catalogues: Open Directory Project, Yahoo! Directory, Google Directory
File Attachment: Encyclopedia Britannica Categories

Don’t miss your chance to own the most sought-after product: THE ENTIRE LIST OF ALL THE KEY ITEMS IN THE WORLD

Size: 7.
55 MB; Format: Adobe Acrobat 7.0 Document.

 

 

 

WORLD DIRECTORY AND STANDARD ONTOLOGY

HARMONIZES THE OUTLINES OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE WITH THE UNIVERSAL DIRECTORY OF MEANINGS AND THE WEB DIRECTORIES ADDED WITH THE BRITANNICA’S CATEGORIES, ALL SUPPORTED WITH THE STANDARD TEMPLATE OF ALL REALITY FIT BOTH FOR INTELLIGENT PERSONS AND REASONING APPLICATIONS.
THE SENSE FINDER PRODUCT COMPLETES THE ESSENTIALS OF WORLD KNOWLEDGE WITH THE FULL INVENTARY OF ENTITIES AND RELATIONSHIPS USING THE STANDARD FORMULAS OF MEANINGS AND SENSES. THE DETAILED LIST OF THE MAIN ITEMS IN EXISTENCE IS CONCLUDED WITH THE WEB DIRECTORIES OF GOOGLE, YAHOO!, OPEN DIRECTORY PROJECT, AND BRITANNICA’S CATEGORIES AND SUBJECTS SO THAT TO ALLOW EXTENDING THE CORE CONTENT IN ANY DOMAIN OF INTEREST.
THE UNIVERSAL DIRECTORY STRUCTURE RECORDS A HIERARCHICAL FRAMEWORK OF ENTITES. AT THE TOP OF THE WORLD HIERARCHY IS THE ROOT CLASS OF ENTITY APPLYING TO THINGS OF EVERY KIND AND TYPE AND UNDERLYING ALL TERMS CLASSIFYING AND DIVIDING THE WORLD INTO SPECIFIC MEANINGS AND DIFFERENCES. SO THE WORLD SCHEMA COVERS ALL SORTS OF COGNTITIVE MODELS, COMPUTING SCHEMATA, AND LEXICAL RESOURCES: DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM HIERARCHY, SEMANTIC WEB ONTOLOGIES, XML SCHEMA, ACTIVE DIRECTORY SCHEMA OF OBJECT CLASSES, SEMANTIC NETWORKS, DATABASE MODELS, CONCEPTUAL GRAPHS, OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING MODELS, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHEMA OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT AS WELL AS FOUNDATION ONTOLOGIES AND ONLINE LEXICAL DATABASES. THE RICH SEMANTIC CONTENT IS TAKEN FROM THE LAST VERSION OF THE WORDNET 2.1, WHICH TAXONOMIC ANOMALITIES AND CLASSES WERE RENORMALIZED, RECLASSIFIED AND PROPERLY STREAMLINED. Namely, THE CONFUSING DIVISION OF ENTITY INTO TWO OPPOSED CLASSES, PHYSICAL ENTITIES (THING, OBJECT, CAUSE, MATTER, PROCESS) AND ABSTRACT ENTITIES (OR ABSTRACTIONS AS PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURE, ATTRIBUTE, GROUP, RELATION, COMMUNICATION, QUANTITY, OTHERWORLD, AND SET), WAS ESSENTIALLY REVIEWED AS TO THE FACTUAL ORDER OF REALITIES, ONTOLOGICAL, PHYSICAL AND MENTAL.
REGARDING THE FACT THAT THE WORDNET LEXICAL RESOURCE IS WIDELY USED FOR BUILDING LARGE KNOWLEDGE BASES AND NATURAL LANGUAGE APPLICATIONS, THE UNIVERSAL DIRECTORY IS A MUST FOR THE RESEARCHERS AND DEVELOPERS WHO CONSIDER THIS LANGUAGE CLASSIFICATORY REFERENCE RICH IN CONTENT BUT INCONSISTENT AND PERPLEXING IN ITS CATEGORIZATION.


THE LANGUAGE OF THE WORLD OF THINGS
THE CONTENT OF DEFINITIONS
THE ENCYCLOPEDIC KNOWLEDGE REFERENCE
THE CATALOG OF THE WORLD
• The WORLD CATALOG OF SUBSTANCES
• The WORLD CATALOG OF STATES
• The WORLD CATALOG OF CHANGES
• The WORLD CATALOG OF RELATIONS
File Attachment: The Web Directories and Catalogues: Open Directory Project, Yahoo! Directory, Google Directory
File Attachment: Encyclopedia Britannica Categories
File Attachment: ‘STANDARD ONTOLOGY FOR MACHINES AND PEOPLE OR HOW TO BUILD A VIRTUAL ARISTOTLE’
[Provides the general template of all reality; develops the standard model of the world as the Universal Schema of Entities; offers the rationales and fundamentals of a new class of encyclopedic intelligence, Virtual Aristotle Machine]

TARGETING A NEW GENERATION OF ENCYCLOPEDIC INTELLIGENCE APPLICATIONS, THE WORK MAKES A COMPREHENSIVE INQUIRY INTO THE NATURE OF ENTITY AND RELATION, REVEALING HOW THE WORLD IS ORGANIZED; WHAT KINDS OF THINGS CAN EXIST IN THE UNIVERSE AND WHAT SORTS OF RELATIONSHIPS THE THINGS MAY HAVE TO EACH OTHER; WHAT LEVELS AND DEGREES OF REALITY PERSONS AND MACHINES NEED TO DISTINGUISH; WHAT SORT OF KNOWLEDGE AND REASONING WE NEED TO CREATE VIABLE MEANINGFUL SYSTEMS; HOW TO TRANSFORM NATURAL LANGUAGE INTO A SINGLE COMMON LANGUAGE FOR COMPUTING AGENTS AND PERSONS; AND HOW TO BUILD A GENUINE ANSWERING SYSTEM.

POSSESSING THE CONTENT, YOU WILL HAVE NOT ONLY THE INVENTORY OF ALL THE BASIC ITEMS IN EXISTENCE BUT ALSO WILL COME TO KNOW THAT THE WORLD MAKES SENSE.

Size: 9.10 MB; Format: Adobe Acrobat 7.0 Document

 

 

UFO (Unified Framework Ontology) & USECS (Universal Standard Entity Classification System)

 

[Provides the general template of all reality; develops the standard model of the world as the INTEGRATED SCHEMA OF ENTITIES or UNIFIED FRAMEWORK ONTOLOGY; establishes the knowledge standards; gives the general structure for the web content and reasoning applications; offers the rationales and fundamentals of a new class of encyclopedic intelligence, Virtual Aristotle Machine].
TARGETING A NEW GENERATION OF ENCYCLOPEDIC INTELLIGENCE APPLICATIONS, THE WORK MAKES A COMPREHENSIVE INQUIRY INTO THE NATURE OF ENTITY AND RELATION, REVEALING HOW THE WORLD IS ORGANIZED; WHAT KINDS OF THINGS CAN EXIST IN THE UNIVERSE AND WHAT SORTS OF RELATIONSHIPS THE THINGS MAY HAVE TO EACH OTHER; WHAT LEVELS AND DEGREES OF REALITY PERSONS AND MACHINES NEED TO DISTINGUISH; WHAT SORT OF KNOWLEDGE AND REASONING WE NEED TO CREATE VIABLE MEANINGFUL SYSTEMS; HOW TO TRANSFORM NATURAL LANGUAGE INTO A SINGLE COMMON LANGUAGE FOR COMPUTING AGENTS AND PERSONS.
GET A COMPREHENSIVE THEORETICAL ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD IN WHICH YOU BELONG
.
Size: 15.3 MB; Format: Adobe Acrobat 7.0 Document.

For rationales please refer to the WORLD DIRECTORY of ENTITIES for MEANINGFUL WEB SEARCH

NOTICE. The Above Knowledge Lines are coded Products. To open the content, the user is to be supplied with the proper admissions codes on concluding the payments.

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